Baldness is also known as alopecia. It is a hair loss, or absence of hair illness. The most common form of baldness is a progressive hair thinning condition called androgenic alopecia or ‘male pattern baldness’ that occurs in adult human males and some primate species. Baldness is a big problem even many young people face today. It is caused by hormones and genetic predisposition. The chances are 95 per cent certain that you are experiencing male pattern baldness. As the term suggests, male pattern baldness follows a typical sequence or pattern.
Factors such as diet, medications, natural hormones, pregnancy, improper hair care and certain diseases can cause temporary hair loss.
This hair loss usually can be helped by treatment thyroid disease. Hair loss may occur if male or female hormones, known as androgens and estrogens, are out of balance. Correcting the hormone imbalance may stop your hair loss.
Traction alopecia is most commonly found in people with ponytails or cornrows who pull on their hair with excessive force.
But the common causes of baldness (hair fall) are-
- Exposure to fumes
- Exposure to sun and dew
- Drinking lot of water or alcohol
- Talking too much.
- Very spicy, salty food also may cause baldness, along with graying of hair.
- It may be a hereditary problem too
The typical pattern of male baldness is an inherited condition. It also may be related to an increased sensitivity to androgen — a male hormone. It’s not reversible.The existing hair may become finer and shorter. The hair at the crown also begins to thin, and eventually the top of the hairline meets the thinned crown, leaving a horseshoe pattern of hair around the sides of the head.
Hair loss in patches, diffuse shedding of hair, breaking of hair shafts, or hair loss associated with redness, scaling, pain, or rapid progression could be caused by other conditions.
There are two main drugs used to treat male pattern baldness:
- Minoxidil — It is a solution that you apply directly to the hair for the hair follicles. It is found that it slows hair loss for many men, and some men grow new hair. If you stopthis solution after then the previous degree of hair loss returns when you stop applying the solution.
- Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) – It is a prescription pill that inhibits the production of the male hormone dihydrotestosterone. Like minoxidil, you are more likely to have slower hair loss than actual new hair growth. In general, it is somewhat more effective than minoxidil. The previous degree of hair loss returns when you stop taking the drug.
The only drug or medication approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat female pattern baldness is minoxidil. For women, the 2% concentration is recommended. Minoxidil may help hair to grow in 20% to 25% of the female population, and in the majority it may slow or stop the loss of hair. Treatment is expensive, however. Hair loss recurs when minoxidil’s use is stopped.
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