Freckles are spots which happen due to increased pigment on the body. It is produced by cells called melanocytes, which makes melanin the substance that gives skin its color. Freckles become darker when the production of melanin increases very fast and, triggered by exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) light.
It become more prominent and is often joined by noticeable age spots affecting many areas: the face, neck, chest, arms and hands. And at this stage no one thinks they’re “cute” anymore. Freckles are usually light brown, flat, and very small. Sometimes they overlap and run together, so they may look larger.
It is believed that sun is one of the main factors of developing freckles. Freckles will fade when sun exposure is eliminated. However, the exact wavelengths of sunlight that cause melanoma are unknown. Some believe that causes of freckles are genetic diseases, like xeroderma pigmentosum so you are likely to get it if one or both your parents have it.
Hormonal imbalance is already causing of freckles diseases too. In this case, the estrogen could over-stimulate pigment producing cells causing them to generate more color when exposed to sunlight.
Freckles may appear in places not typically exposed to the sun, such as the underarm (axillary freckling) or groin ( inguinal freckling). Freckles may not develop until puberty. They are not a health problem, though they may sometimes itch.
The most common symptoms are:
- A new growth on the skin.
- A change in an existing skin growth.
- A sore that does not heal.
The most commonly used treatments are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Surgery requires removal of part of the skin. Radiation therapy involves the use of high-energy rays to kill cancer cells.
To remove freckles on the body eat plenty of fresh vegetables and whole grains for the vitamins A, B complex and C, all needed for healthy skin. Vitamin B5 helps prevent dry skin. It is found in milk, eggs, cabbage, wheat germ and nutritional yeast.
Other treatments for freckles include cosmetic cover-ups and bleaching creams, neither of which has garnered satisfactory results. Bleaching agents attempt to fade the freckles to a color approximating that of the surrounding skin.
If possible apply tinted moisturizer or foundation, if you prefer light coverage, in a shade slightly darker than your natural skin tone to blend in and downplay your freckles.
A mixture of natural parsley juice or parsley infusion with equal amounts of lemon juice, orange juice, and red currant juice under your favorite cream will help you in hiding your freckles till they are completely removed.